Protein serves a number of important functions. Babies use protein to build muscles. Consuming sufficient amount of protein is important in the period of rapid growth.
Proteins are composed of substances called amino acids. Amino acids are the building blocks of protein. Human body can make 10 amino acids from the diet. They are known as essential amino acids and they help in growth.
Breast milk is the mother of all protein. The amount of amino acid found in human breast milk is excellent for babies. It contains two types of protein. Whey and casein. Whey is naturally found in greater amount than casein and is easier for the infant to digest. It is less likely to form curd or clumps in the stomach. If you use formula make sure it contains whey and casein in a ratio which is same as the breast milk. In addition, make sure it has been heat treated for casein to digest more easily.
Whole cow’s milk contains three times more protein than breast milk and has more casein than whey. But due to its higher amount of mineral content it may cause stress to the intestine and kidney of a new-born. You should not give cow’s milk until your child is a year old.
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